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Options galore for science students/ careers for BiPC students

Posted on: 22/08/2012

MBBS - Bachelor Of Medicine & Bachelor Of Surgery

Medicine is one of the most sort out and rewarding career for those interested in Science and dealing with sick people Over the years, the field of medical studies have undergone various stages of development, it has become so vast that specializations within are increasing day by day. There is great scope for medicine as a professional career.

After MBBS, post graduate level studies (MD or MS) can be conducted and there are many specializations including General Medicine, General Surgery,Pediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, ENT(Ear, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, and Anesthesiology.

A candidate should have completed 17 years age by December 31, of the year of admission  Passed 12th standard exam individually in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology and obtained at least 50% marks in aggregate in Physics, Biology and Chemistry,(40% for SC/ST Candidates).

The admission norms differ across  universities. Normally Students who scored higher marks in the qualifying examination and in the Medical Entrance examinations conducted by various agencies get into MBBS course.

The MBBS programme has a time period of 4 and ½ years. At the end of the course, students will have a mandatory internship of one year.
Details about the phases and the topics covered are:
• Pre-clinical 1 –2: Two semesters Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
• Para-clinical 3 – 5 : Three Semesters Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs
• Clinical 6 – 9: Four Semesters Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology); Obstetrics and gynecology; Pediatrics; Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T.,Ophthalmology, Orthopedics); Clinical postings

Students have to do internship, which is compulsorily. The total time period of Internship is one year. The posting details are given below:
Medicine - This specialty has the duration of 1 and a half months.
Surgery - This specialty has the duration of 1 and a half months
Rural - This specialty has the duration of three months
Pediatrics - This specialty has the duration of one month
Obstetrics and Gynecology - This specialty has the duration of one month
Casualty - This specialty has the duration of one month
Anesthesiology - This specialty has the duration of 15 days
Ophthalmology - This specialty has the duration of 15 days
Elective - This specialty has the duration of two months Some of the places where there is job scope for medical Professionals are as follows:
• Private Practice
• Private Hospitals/Government Hospitals
• Combined medical service examination conducted by the
• UPSC for vacancies in Indian Railways, Delhi Municipal Corporation Hospital etc.
* Obtain a job through various State Public Service Commissions recruit for state medical services in respective states.
• Empanelment in various Government, autonomous and Public Limited Companies.
A few illustrative examples could be service in Armed Forces, ESI, NTPC, and Coal India.
• In research institutes and medical colleges as researchers.
• In charitable institutions Some of the career options are given below:
• General Practitioner or Physician
• General Surgeon
• Psychiatrist
• Neurologist
• Pediatrician
• Ophthalmologist or Eye Specialist
• Cardiologist
• Dermatologist
• Orthopedist
• Gynecologist-Obstetrician
• ENT specialist
• Should have good memory and recollection ability,good physical health, good judgment.
• Service mentality, stamina, patience.
• Power of concentration,emotional stability, self confidence.
• Logical and analytical mind, decision making ability.
• Willingness to learn throughout their career.
• Ability to take timely decisions, Self -motivation.
• An amiable and sympathetic temperament.
• Drive to work hard.
• Above average intelligence.
• A doctor is also expected to possess a strong sense of responsibility as the patient's life depends entirely on him.
Dentistry a lucrative profession is concerned with all health problems afflicting the mouth,teeth.
Dentists improve patients' appearance by using a wide variety of cosmetic dental procedure Dentists or dental surgeons provide surgical, medical and other forms of treatment for oral and dental disorders and diseases by examining teeth and mouth of the patients.
While pursuing the course, one learns about different aspects of dental science, which includes various forms of treatment including surgical procedure, Dental materials, Dental anatomy & Oral histology, Oral Pathology, Community Dentistry, Pedodontics, Oral Medicine & Radiology are some of the topics that are generally taught.
A candidate should have completed 17 years age as on the 31st December, of the year of admission Passed 12th standard exam individually in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology and obtained at least 50% marks in aggregate in Physics, Biology and Chemistry, (40% for SC/ST Candidates)
Selection is based on the result of the Common Entrance Test
The BDS Curriculum is divided into four years of studies and one year of compulsory internship.
The subjects taught in the four years of study are:
• General Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology
• General Human Physiology and Biochemistry
• Dental Materials
• Preclinical Prosthodontics
• General Pathology and Microbiology
• Human Oral Anatomy including Embryology and Histology
• General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics
• Preclinical Conservative Dentistry
• Preclinical Prosthodontics
• General Medicine
• General Surgery
• Oral Pathology & Microbiology
• Orthodontics
• Periodontics
• Oral Medicine (Oral Diagnosis) and Radiology
• Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge
• Conservative Dentistry
• Oral Surgery
• Orthodontics
• Periodontics
• Oral Medicine (Oral Diagnosis) and Radiology
• Pedodontics Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge
• Conservative Dentistry including Endodontics
• Oral Surgery
• Preventive and Community Dentistry Internship
• Every candidate will be required, after passing the final BDS examination, to undergo one year paid rotating internship in a dental college.
Dentists need to have:
• Knowledge of the structure and function of the teeth, jaw and mouth
• Skill in assessing and diagnosing dental problems
• Understanding of the structure and functions of the body, and general injuries and diseases of the body, especially the head and neck
• Knowledge of injuries and diseases of the mouth
• Knowledge of dental methods, materials and medicines
• Knowledge of oral health care methods
• Knowledge of hygiene and sterilisation procedures
• First aid skills. Setting up private practice.
Working in Government/ Private institutions
Working as part/ full time faculty in reputed dental colleges and placement in the research and analysis wing of pharmaceutical / other companies producing oral products/ medicines etc.
Join Government/ Private detective services in field relating to forensic dentistry, whereby identity of a person is established by the structure of dentures.
Here are some duties performed by dentists:
• Orthodontists - straighten teeth using devices that apply pressure, i.e., braces and retainers.
• Oral and maxillofacial surgeons - operate on the mouth and jaws.
• Pediatric dentists - treat children.
• Periodontists treat gums and the bone supporting the teeth.
• Prosthodontists - replace missing teeth with dentures,bridges and crowns.
• Endodontists - perform root canal therapy.
• Oral pathologists - study oral diseases.
A Dentist should have:
• A basic compassion for people
• Ability to stand for long hours
• Manual dexterity
• A methodical and scientific approach
• Ability to establish easy relationships quickly with people of all age
• Ability to infuse confidence in nervous patients, especially children
• Organizing ability
• The power of concentration
• An excellent memory
• He must have an artist's aesthetic vision
The word “Ayurveda” is derived from two words ’Ayus’ meaning life and ‘Veda 'meaning ‘knowledge’ or ‘science’.
Hence, Ayurveda is ‘The Science of Life’
Ayurveda, the perfect science or knowledge of life is believed to be the oldest treatment method for treatment of several diseases
In Ayurveda, is basically a humoural medical system, diseases are understood as an imbalance between the body's three humors, Vata (nerve energy), Pitta (catabolic fire energy) and Kapha (anabolic nutritive energy).
Ayurvedic Education in India is presently monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), a Statutory Central Government body.
A candidate should have completed 17 years age as on December 31, of the year of  admission.
Passed 12th standard exam individually in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology and obtained at least 50% marks in aggregate
in Physics, Biology and Chemistry, (40% for SC/ST Candidates).
Selection is based on the result of the Common Entrance Test.
It is a 5 1/2 -year bachelor’s degree course including one year internship and 10+2 passed students in science stream are eligible for this course.
BAMS is divided into first professional, second professional and third professional course.
B.A.M.S Course curriculum
First professional B.A.M.S
Ashtanga hrdaya
Ayurveda itihasa (history of ayurveda) Kriya shareeram (physiology)
Padartha vijnanam (Indian epistemology and world view)
Rachana shareeram (anatomy)
• Agadatantra, vyavaharaayurveda
and vidhivaidyaka (toxicology,
forensic medicine and jurisprudence)
• Charaka samhita
• Dravyaguna vijnanam (ayurvedic pharmacology)
• Rasashastra and bhaishajyakalpana
(medicinal chemistry and pharmacy)
• Roga vijnanam and vikriti vijanam (principls of diagnosis and pathology)
• Swastha vrittam (social and preventative medicine)
• Charaka samhita
• Kaumarabritya (paediatrics)
• Kayachikitsa (general medicine)
• Prasuthi tantra and stri roga
(gynecology and obstetrics)
• Shalakya tantram (ENT, dentistry, ophthalmology)
• Shalya tantram (surgery)
Job in Hospitals (both Government and Private), Dispensaries, Clinics, Nursing homes, Health Departments.
Private practice as Ayuvedic Physical consultant by opening an Ayurvedic clinic from his/her residence.
Career in teaching and research by working as a Lecturer, Reader, Professor in Ayurvedic Medical Colleges.
Can Work as Research Officer, Project Officer in Central Research Institutions, Regional Research Institutes and other research institutes of CCRAS (Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha)
• Ayurvedic Supervisors
• Consultants
• Medical Officer
• Nutrition expert
• Physician
• Production manager
• Researcher
• Surgeon
• Teacher
• Therapist
Homeopathy, from Greek homoeo (meaning  similar) and pathos (meaning suffering) is a system of medicine based on treating like with like.
Homeopathy - a method of treating disease with small amounts of remedies that, in large amounts in healthy people, produce symptoms similar to those being treated.
Homeopathy is a holistic medicine; in other words it aims to treat the whole person.
Aspiring homoeopathists must have an interest in people, an ability to consider and interpret available information and be good listeners and communicators A candidate should have completed 17 years age as on the December 31, of the year of admission.
Once you finish your 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology with 50% you are eligible to go for BHMS/DHMS courses.

Source: The Career Guide
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